School Health Information

FMS Nurse Email:




                                           FMS SCHOOL NURSE NOTES

What have you heard about Zika?


What is Zika?

Zika is an infection caused by the Zika virus that spreads to people primarily through bites of infected mosquitoes.  Most adults with Zika have no symptoms or only mild symptoms.  The biggest concern about this infection is that it can pass from a mother to her baby during pregnancy and have serious results, including fetal loss and birth defects. 


Current ZIKA Outbreaks

Zika outbreaks are currently happening in many countries and territories.  The mosquitoes that can become infected with and spread Zika live in many parts of the world, including parts of the United States. 


How does Zika spread?

Zika virus is usually spread between people through the bites of infected mosquitos.  The primary mosquito that spreads Zika virus is the Yellow fever mosquito.  A person infected with Zika will have Zika virus in the blood, especially in the first week of illness.  If a mosquito bites that infected person, the mosquito becomes infected and can then bite and pass the virus to another person.  People who are infected but who are not sick can still pass the virus on to mosquitos that bite them. 

Zika virus can also spread from a mother to her baby during pregnancy or around the time of birth.  Zika virus can spread through unprotected sex from a person who has Zika to his or her sex partners, even if the infected person is not sick.  Zika virus may be spread through blood transfusion.


What are the symptoms of Zika

About 80% of people who are infected with Zika virus do not become sick.  For the 20% who become sick, the most common symptoms include fever, rash joint pain, and conjunctivitis (red eyes). The illness is usually mild and the symptoms typically last several days to a week.   


What is the treatment for Zika?

There is no specific treatment for Zika virus infection.  Healthcare providers primarily provide supportive care to relieve symptoms. During the mosquito season in Virginia (May to October), infected people should stay indoors or wear protective clothing and mosquito repellent for the first week after they begin to feel sick.  This will help prevent mosquitos from biting them and potentially spreading the virus to others in the community. 


How can Zika be prevented?

There is no vaccine to prevent Zika.  Infections can be prevented by avoiding mosquito bites and sexual exposure to the virus.  Avoiding mosquito bites include:

  • Wear long-sleeved shirts, long pants and socks

  • Use insect repellent or permethrin-treated clothing (especially during the daytime when mosquitos are active),

  • Use air conditioning or window/door screens to keep mosquitos outside

  • Eliminating standing water from containers in yards (including bird baths, flower pots, buckets) tostop mosquito breeding

  • To avoid sexual exposure to Zika virus, travelers to affected areas and their sex partners should abstain from sex or use condoms during sex or sexual activities.


What should I do if I think I have Zika

If you have any symptoms of Zika virus infection and have been to an affected area in the past two weeks, contact your healthcare provider.  Your healthcare provider may test your blood for Zika and other similar mosquito-borne illnesses.


For additional information, please visit the CC website:  You may also call your local health department.  




REMINDER FOR PARENTS:  A Bedford County permission form must be completed with appropriate signatures in order for students to receive medications at school. Medication sent to school in a sandwich bag with a note from parent will not be accepted by the nurse.  Also, students should not call or text parent to go home.  Student should ask teacher for permission to go to the clinic to see the nurse when not feeling well.       



Please see attachment regarding School Health Clinic Information.  If you have any questions or concerns, contact me at 525-6630 or refer to Family Handbook.  


The Bedford County Public School Nurses are very excited to receive Grant Funding from the Bedford Community Health Foundation that will move all school clinics into the digital age!  A BIG thank you goes out to the Foundation Board for recognizing and supporting this need.  As a parent you will have an active role in this process that will allow for quicker easier communication regarding your child’s health information. 


All students in 6th, 7th and 8th grade are required to have the Tdap booster or provide a religious/medical exemption.  Your child must receive the Tdap vaccine before the first day of school.  The local health department provides the immunization free for sixth grade enrollment.



  • As kids get older, protection provided by some childhood vaccines begin to wear off.  Kids can also develop risks for more diseases.  Help your child transition into adolescence in a healthy way by staying up-to-date on pre-teen vaccines.  For more information on vaccines, ask your child’s healthcare provider or visit website at




    If you need assistance with health insurance please visit the FAMIS website at